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Spunlace

Nonwoven fabrics made of natural or man-made fibers such as viscose, PET and cotton; the fabric formation (web forming) is made by carding the fibers, which are then consolidated (web bonding) through spunlace (hydroentanglement) technology; this is a bonding made thanks to high pressure water jets.

Due to its strength, softness and absorption, spunlace fabrics result the perfect raw material for production of:

  • Baby wipes
  • Industrial wipes
  • Home wipes
  • Special wipes
  • Facial masks
  • Cosmetic cleaning wipes
  • Compound materials for baby diapers
  • Pads for cárnicos

According to the production machine set up and the needs of our customers, we are able to supply cross-lapped and parallel spunlace; as well as multi-layer spunlace (CSC, SPC, CSPC, SC).

To understand the properties of this process, we should divide it into its two fundamentals process which are: web forming and web bonding.

Web bonding: it has two important parts (carding and lapping).

  • Carding it can be understood as a process that “combs” the fibers, they go into the carding machine not well opened and most of the times as a lump; the process made by the carding machine is to separate, give direction and position each fiber in a web layer in order to continue to the bonding phase. We have the ability of supply different types of fibers, which can give the final product specific characteristics according to the needs of our clients (check raw materials).
spunlace

During carding process the fibers can spin mechanically by carding rolls or by blown air (turbocarding), both ways can affect MD/CD ratio directly.

  • Lapping means give direction to the web layer that leaves the carding machine; for easy understanding we have to bring two additional concepts: Machine direction (MD) and Crossed direction (CD), both describe the position of the fiber compared to the position of the machine itself. To know the fabric lapping you can check its MD/CD ratio, the higher means parallel material while the lower means crossed material.

That possibilities are the following:

  1. Parallel Lapping, MD/CD = 5 a 7 : 1

All fibers are oriented in the same direction.

2

Advantages:

  • High speed
  • More unifromity
  • Lower Price

Disadvantages:

  • More elongation

2. Crosslapping, MD/CD = ( 1- 1.5 ):1

Some layers spin mechanically, crossed direction.

3

Advantages:

  • Best ratio MD/CD

Disadvantages:

  • Lower production speed
  • Higher cost
  • Plain
  • Geometric designs
  • Customized desings
  • Perforated fabrics
  • Printed
FIBERABSORPTIONSTRENGTHSPECIAL FEATURESBIODEGRADABLE
CottonHighGoodColor retentionYes
PLAMediumHigher than cotton, lower than lyocellLow weight fiberYes
LyocellHighHigh in humidityVery strongh while dryYes
PI CottonHighGoodColor retentionYes
ViscoseHighestLowYes
PPLowHighLighter than PETYes
PETLowHighSoftYes
CelluloseHighLowAbrassiveYes
ItemUNITLIMITSCOMMENTS
WEIGHTgsm30-100Low basis weight fabrics do not apply for wet wipes
WIDTHmm200-3200Width are defined with each customer to calculate loading capacity
ROLL DIAMETERmm560-1200Below 1000mm the loading capacity is lower
CORE INNER DIAMETERinch3.6
COLORNAWhite witouth brightening, and colorsWe do not supply optical white since it is not legal in the county of production
FINISHING (EMBOSSED, FLAT,..).- Plain -Geometric design -Customized design -Perforate fabrics -Pinted
PACKINGPE stretch film and card boards for each bundle
AVAILABLE PRODUCTION CAPACTYTON/MONTH290-350MOQ: 1x40hq container
FIBERS USEDViscose, PET, Cotton, PP, Cellulose, Bamboo, Bicomponent fibers
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